Thinking Critically About Ethical Issues

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رقم التسجيلة 5798
نوع المادة book
ردمك 9780073535685
رقم الطلب

BJ1012.R82

شخص Ruggiero, Vincent Ryan

العنوان Thinking Critically About Ethical Issues
بيان الطبعة Ed. 7
بيانات النشر New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2008.
الوصف المادي 202 P
المحتويات / النص

Part I: THE CONTEXT CHAPTER 1--THE NEED FOR ETHICS Why do we need ethics if we have laws? Ethics defined Ethics and religious belief The need for ethics Preliminary guidelines Doing research on the Internet Making discussion meaningful Sample responses Inquiries CHAPTER 2--THE ROLE OF THE MAJORITY VIEW A sample situation The majority can err Sample response Inquiries CHAPTER 3--THE ROLE OF FEELINGS How feelings came to be emphasized Are feelings reliable? A better guide is needed Sample response Inquiries CHAPTER 4--THE ROLE OF CONSCIENCE Conscience and shame Individual differences The shapers of conscience Natural endowment Social conditioning Moral choice A balanced view of conscience Sample response Inquiries CHAPTER 5--COMPARING CULTURES Differences among cultures Interpreting the differences The similarity of values Is judgment appropriate? Three important cautions Inquiries Part II: A STRATEGY CHAPTER 6--A FOUNDATION FOR JUDGMENT Assessing ought statements Oughts in ancient cultures Governmental oughts Organizational oughts Our own everyday oughts The principle of right desire The principle of contradiction Challenges to judgment Relativism Absolutism Inquiries CHAPTER 7--THE BASIC CRITERIA A fundamental good: respect for persons Three basic criteria Obligations Moral ideals Consequences Analyzing ethical issues Step 1: Study the details of the case Step 2: Identify the relevant criteria Step 3: Determine possible courses of action Step 4: Decide which action is most ethical The case of Professor Woebegone Analysis 1: The details of the case Analysis 2: Relevant criteria Analysis 3: Possible courses of action Analysis 4: The most ethical action The case of Horace’s house Analysis 1: The details of the case Analysis 2: Relevant criteria Analysis 3: Possible courses of action Analysis 4: The most ethical action A caution about generalizing Avoiding other errors “Mine is better” thinking Double standard Unwarranted assumptions Oversimplifications Hasty conclusions Inquiries CHAPTER 8--CONSIDERING OBLIGATIONS When obligations conflict Weighing the obligations Two moral dilemmas The Alabama syphilis case Thoroughness is important Inquiries CHAPTER 9--CONSIDERING MORAL IDEALS Important moral ideals Prudence Justice Temperance Courage Loving kindness Integrity Forgiveness Repentance Reparation Gratitude Beneficence Ideals in conflict The Munich incident The issue of affirmative action Ideals versus obligations Inquiries CHAPTER 10--CONSIDERING CONSEQUENCES Dealing with probability Making the analysis thorough Three difficult questions A caution Dealing with dilemmas Inquiries CHAPTER 11--DETERMINING MORAL RESPONSIBILITY How free are our choices? When culpability is diminished Ethics and law More typical cases Heroism not required Inquiries Part III: THE TRADITION CHAPTER 12--A PERSPECTIVE ON HISTORY The classical period The medieval period The modern period The ethics of duty The ethics of consequences Great issues in ethics Inquiries Part IV: CONTEMPORARY ETHICAL CONTROVERSIES Education Media and the arts Sex Government Law Business Medicine Science War AFTERWORD: A SUGGESTION FOR FURTHER STUDY APPENDIX A: WRITING ABOUT MORAL ISSUES B: AVOIDING PLAGIARISM

المستخلص

This concise, accessible text emphasizes doing ethical analysis and thinking critically about ethical issues, rather than focusing on ethical theory or the history of ethics. Ruggiero's readers are invited to apply ethical principles to issues that exemplify the kinds of moral challenges encountered in everyday life. It engages students' minds, stimulates enthusiasm, and makes teaching more effective and rewarding.

المواضيع Ethics